Have you ever wondered what the four fundamentals of safety requirements are for elevator technicians and builders? "
The majority of job-related injuries experienced by elevator technicians, constructor mechanics, and apprentices are brought on by diversions, complacency, overconfidence, incomplete or inadequately worn personal protection equipment (PPE), a lack of safety training, or distractions. Safety must always come first when working on conveyance machinery, whether it's an elevator or escalator.
Before starting any work on a job site or particular task, it is crucial to check all PPE and items in your safety bag and go over all the procedures and processes, especially if the work will be done in confined spaces (including confined spaces that require a permit), at elevated heights, or in close proximity to nearby equipment, high voltages, and hazardous chemicals or materials.
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An anchorage point, a body harness, and a lanyard make up the three primary components of the Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS). It is the standard PPE that elevator technicians, construction mechanics, and apprentices are required to wear while they are working in an environment where a fall of at least 4 feet (in general industry) or at least 6 feet (in construction) is possible. Always make sure to use your lifeline or other anchoring devices in accordance with the user's manual, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations and Standards, and your company's policies and procedures. These materials' reading and comprehension could mean the difference between life and death.
When it comes to workplace risks, falls rank first on OSHA's "Focus Four" list, which lists the four most frequent reasons for worker fatalities on construction sites. Falls account for 33.5% of worker fatalities.According to OSHA, the most frequent safety violation that resulted in accidents and fatalities in 2021 was inadequate fall protection.
Along with safety nets and common guardrails, fall protection equipment can save your life. Before beginning any maintenance on an elevator, escalator, or other sort of conveyance equipment, use caution and take the time to thoroughly inspect each component of fall prevention equipment.
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EYE AND FACE PROTECTION
Eye or face protection that is insufficient or worn incorrectly is involved in eight of the top 10 OSHA rules that are often broken. Eye and face protection must always be carried by elevator technicians and builders in their safety bags to prevent injuries from cutting, welding, dust, dirt, and other objects.
Each year, thousands of construction workers lose their eyesight; many of these accidents could have been avoided if the proper eye and facial protection had been used. To keep safe when working, always put on your safety glasses, goggles, face shields, and welding helmets (if necessary).
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LOCKOUT/TAGOUT (LOTO) / TEST AND VERIFY (MECHANICAL ENERGY)
In order to prevent electrified equipment from turning on while elevator workers or builders are working on it, lockout/tagout (LOTO) and test and verify procedures are used. Workers are shielded from electrical energy as well as other forms of stored energy by LOTO methods. In the elevator sector, typical LOTO operations can involve employing rope grippers on traction equipment or pipe stands to maintain an oil column holding up hydraulic equipment. You must always lockout, tagout, test, and confirm your equipment to remove the stored electrical, mechanical, gravitational, hydraulic, or pneumatic energy unless you are working on a system that must remain energized while troubleshooting, and taking the precautions required by code and your elevator company's safety policies to do so.
Lockout devices, such as keyed or combination locks, stop equipment from starting or moving after they are installed. Tagout devices are labels that are firmly fastened to equipment to show that both the equipment and the energy-isolating device are out of commission and to offer contact details for the person who locked out and tagged out the equipment. When an elevator's machinery has many isolation points, a group lockout box, also known as a LOTO box, or group lockout device must be employed before the equipment can be properly locked out.
On OSHA's list of the standards that were most frequently broken in 2021, the absence of control over hazardous energy came in seventh. The administration reports that electrocution, scalding, and burns are the three most frequent workplace injuries caused by LOTO misuse.
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LOTO / TEST AND VERIFY (ELECTRICAL ENERGY)
Elevator builders and technicians frequently use electricity while performing their tasks. Third on OSHA's "Focus Four" list, electrocutions cause 8.5% of fatalities among construction workers. Always check that the equipment you are working on is grounded, lockout/tagout any electrical equipment you are working on, and test and verify it in line with local, state, and national code requirements as well as your company's policies and procedures.
Wear PPE that has received OSHA approval if you are installing or maintaining AC/DC equipment so you are protected from electrical risks.
Always conduct a risk assessment of the workplace's potential physical or health dangers before beginning any elevator installation, modernization, repair, or maintenance procedures and make sure that you and your coworkers are aware of what has to be done to reduce your risks. While it is the obligation of your employer to supply you with the right safety equipment, training, and PPE, you are still responsible for understanding how and when to use it and making a commitment to doing so consistently.
Members receive fundamental elevator constructor safety training from organizations like the National Elevator Industry Educational Program (NEIEP) and the International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC), which offers OSHA-certified courses on the most recent tools, processes, and techniques. One of the best benefits that the IUEC, its union-affiliated employers, and NEIEP provide to all elevator constructor mechanics and apprentices is safety training. (Employers are obligated to offer more thorough safety training.) The general duty provision of OSHA encompasses both employee and employer obligations.
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